Cecilio is planning to put up a grocery store in the subdivision where he and his family reside. To promote this proposed business venture, he told his wife and three children to send out promotional text messages to all the residents in the subdivision. Cecilio’s family members did as instructed, and succeeded in reaching, through text messages, more than 80% of the residents in the subdivision. Is Cecilio habitually engaged in commerce even if the grocery store has yet to be established? Explain your answer. (3%)
Yes. Even if the grocery store has yet to be established, Cecilio already habitually engaged in commerce, when per his instruction the members of his family contacted more than 80% the residents of the subdivision where they reside. According to Article 3 of the Code of Commerce, “legal presumption of habitually engaging in commerce shall exist from the moment the person who intends to engage therein announces through circulars, newspapers, handbills, posters exhibited to the public, or in any other manner whatsoever an establishment which has for its object some commercial operation. “ Text messages may qualify to be equivalent to electronic documents.
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